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ISO 17316 ISLI(International Standard Link Identifier)


1. INTRODUCTION to ISO 17316 ISLI

ISLI, short for Information and documentation - International Standard Link Identifier (ISO 17316), is an identifier standard developed by ISO/TC46/SC9. ISLI is a universal identifier for links between entities in the field of information and documentation.

In the context of modern information technology, the application of resources in the field of information and documentation is increasingly getting diversified. Isolated content products can no longer satisfy the ever-increasing user demand.

Using a link identifier to build links between resources in the field of information and documentation provides a basis for a combined application of resources in the field, and supports collaborative creation of content and data interoperability between systems.

The openness of the ISLI system will boost the emergence of new applications in both multimedia and other fields, which increases the value of the linked-resources.

The link Model of ISLI includes three elements: a source, a target and the link between them.

What is ISLI used for?
ISLI is used for identifying links between entities in the field of information and documentation. A linked entity can be physical, e.g. a print book or an electronic resource (text, audio, and video); or something abstract, e.g. a physical position within a frame of reference or the time of day.

How does the ISLI system build a link?
A link is usually built based on actual needs. A link building service provider provides a specific application which builds permanent and stable links between two or more types of entities in the field of information and documentation, and if necessary, certain methods and tools can be used for realizing links.

We will explain this link application that is set by a link building service provider from the three elements of ISLI:

Element 1: the source of a link. It is usually the origin of a link. Identification and resolution of an ISLI code enable the information of the source to be obtained and the link process starts from the source.

Element 2: the target of a link. It is usually the destination of a link. Identification and resolution of an ISLI code enable the target to be precisely located. The target and the source together realize a specific function.

Element 3: the link. Preset linked objects and preset properties of a link type, together with the use of a specific link service application method, enable ISLI end users to use the link service such as combinational rendering of rich media.

ISLI is an open standard. It neither places any restrictions on the building of links between entities in the field of information and documentation, nor does it limit the technologies used for realizing the links. ISLI encourages all possible links in the field of information and documentation, and hopes that building of the links enables wider use of resources with the goal of enhancing information exchange among people and contributing to the social development of the world.


2. PROGRESS of ISO 17316 ISLI

On Dec. 17th, 2010, ISLI registered as Proposal for new project.
In Aug. of 2012, ISO 17316 WG11 submitted CD text to ISO/TC46/SC9 Secretariat and later registered as CD. On Oct. 11th, 2012, SC9 Secretariat issued N670, which opened the CD ballot.
On Jan. 13th, 2013, the result of CD ballot on ISO website was 19 in favour out of 28. On Jan. 15th, ISO CS. approved ISO 17316 to advance to the DIS stage.
On May 22nd, ISO CS approved the registration of ISO 17316 as DIS
On June 5th, 2013, the resolution was made in the SC9 plenary meeting in Paris that the name of CD ISO 17316 International Standard Document Link (ISDL) was changed to International Standard Link Identifier (ISLI).
On Oct. 31st, ISO CS initiated ISO/DIS 17316 ballot.
On Jan. 31st, 2014, the ballot was over with the result of 91 % Approval rate.
On May 14th, 2014, ISO CS approved the registration of ISO 17316 as FDIS.
On June 25th, 2014, ISO started the ballot of ISO/FDIS 17316.
On Aug. 27th, 2014, ISO/FDIS 17316 closed with the voting result of 100 % approval rate.
On Aug. 29th, 2014, ISO 17316 ISLI entered into publication stage. (Further details are stated in the table below)



3. APPLICATION OF ISLI//MPR (in China)

The proposal of ISLI project came from the national standards series of China, namely MPR publication standards series. The standards series aims to regulate activities relevant to encoding, allocation, management of MPR (Multimedia Print Reader) publication and application of related technology in publishing.

On the basis of MPR publication standards, this international standard project was argued by experts of international standard working group, who abstract out the characteristic of ‘link set up between different resource’ in MPR publication standards and propose to ‘identify the link between resource’, on which therefore the basis of ISLI standard project come into being.

MPR is a specific application of ISLI. And with the publicity of the Standard, MPR technology has already been adopted by many presses in China, while MPR publication becomes a new publication type, a complete industry chain is established, and a mature business Model is found successfully.

Till Oct. 10th of 2014, 276 presses have already registered on the publishing business platform of MPR with books of 1531 types, periodicals of 95types and newspaper of one type. The total codes allocated reaches 500 000. The industry application will embrace rapid development in future.